What to do if the hip joint hurts and how to treat it?

The moment the hip joint hurts, the questions of what to do and how to treat the disease are the most exciting. The articulation of the hip joint is one of the most significant and stressed in the entire musculoskeletal system. Loss of mobility in it due to pain can completely or partially deprive a person of the ability to move. The answer to the question of how to treat pain is simple - to identify and eliminate its cause.

Possible causes of hip pain

pain in the hip joint

First of all, you need to be aware of at what point there is pain in the hip joints. This can happen at the following times:

  • during the morning ascent;
  • during physical activity while running;
  • during normal walking;
  • in a non-moving state.

It is worth listening to your body and trying to see the system in pain.

Important! In diseases of the hip joint, the pain due to the structural features of the nerve bundles can radiate to the leg. This comes to such an extent that the patient eventually thinks that his leg or knee is hurting and does not even suspect that the source of pain is in the thigh.

The nature of pain in the hip joint can also be different. The following types of hip pain occur:

  • sore;
  • periodic acute;
  • suddenly acute.

It is necessary to accurately determine the main causes of pain in the hip joint.

Damage

Most often it is preceded by a fall or a sharp jump from a height. The signs of injury are:

  • severe pain;
  • edema;
  • movement restriction;
  • visual deformation;
  • inability to turn the foot outward.

An injury is a dislocation, fracture or bruise.

Coxarthrosis

This is osteoarthritis of the hip joint, a degenerative change in its cartilage and bone tissue. Signs of coxarthrosis are as follows:

  • crunch;
  • stiffness in movements;
  • tenderness and intermittent acute pain;
  • increased pain in bad weather and at night;
  • deformation;
  • swelling.

It is most often encountered by older people.

Bursitis of the trochanter sac

The trochanteric bursa or bursa contains synovial fluid and their inflammation is called bursitis. Pain focus is often felt in the buttocks. The pain is aggravated by lying on the injured joint. Exacerbations occur at night.

Systemic lupus erythematosus

This is an autoimmune disease. Your own cells are attacked by the immune system, causing inflammation in muscles and joints. The symptoms of lupus erythematosus are as follows:

  • heat;
  • blisters, ulcers on the mucous membrane and skin;
  • muscle weakness;
  • pain in joints and muscles.

A symptom can be like one or all at once. But usually it starts with one, and then the others are with.

Arthritis

In a general sense, this is inflammation of the hip joint. The cause can be either a partial or complete absence of a shock-absorbing cartilage layer between the bones or an infection. Symptoms other than pain include:

  • local increase in temperature in the affected area;
  • edema;
  • sharp pain on movement.

Gout can be primarily infectious or secondary, as a result of trauma or osteoarthritis.

Symphysitis in pregnant women

The body of a pregnant woman prepares for childbirth, the bones gradually diverge in the area of the symphysis. The disease is only possible during pregnancy and most often in the 2nd or 3rd trimester. The symptoms are as follows:

  • pubic bone pain;
  • swelling in the affected area;
  • severe pain when walking;

Often this gives a woman a sharp pain when moving and changing position. At rest, pain is not felt.

Aseptic necrosis

healthy hip joint and necrosis of the head as a cause of pain

Necrosis is tissue death due to insufficient blood supply. In most cases, it affects the neck or head of the hip joint. This can happen for several reasons:

  • compression and trauma;
  • loss of message due to trauma;
  • blood clots;
  • diseases that thicken the blood.

The disease develops quite quickly and affects young people to a greater extent as they move more actively.

Oncology

Unfortunately, something starts to hurt due to neoplasms already in the last stages. The early stages are almost asymptomatic. But if the pain has come, then the usual painkillers can no longer remove it. Risk factors for developing sarcoma or myeloma are trauma and a long-term inflammatory process. The pain may be accompanied by swelling and fever.

Fact! The pain may subside for a while and return with renewed vigor. The intensity of pain in the hip joints will be directly proportional to the size of the tumor.

In most cases, pain in the right or left hip joint is due to one of these causes, but in rare cases it may be something else.

Diagnostics

In case of pain in the thigh, it will be most correct to contact either a general practitioner or a rheumatologist. The specialist will examine and palpate the joint, choosing a diagnostic method. Diagnostic methods can be as follows:

  • a blood test for the presence of an inflammatory process and infection;
  • Ultrasound of the hip joint;
  • tomography;
  • radiography;
  • osteoscintigraphy on suspicion of oncology;
  • research in magnetic resonance.

After making a diagnosis, the doctor himself will start treating pain in the hip joint or refer him to a narrower specialist if the specific case is not within his competence.

Diseases that cause hip pain are treated by several specialists:

  • neurologist;
  • orthopedist;
  • allergy sufferers;
  • oncologist.

Once the causes are known, the answers to questions when choosing treatment lie on the surface.

doctor treating hip pain

Treatment

When the hip joint hurts, the treatment can be varied and it depends directly on the diagnosis.

In case of injury, the patient should immobilize the limb and wait for further instructions from the attending physician. If a fracture or dislocation is detected, repair the damaged area if necessary and fix with plaster or knitting needles. Medicines that promote rapid regeneration and complete rest are then prescribed.

With symphysitis in pregnant women, the replenishment of calcium and vitamin D, whose reserves are depleted by the growing fetus, often helps.

Cancer is treated:

  • radiation treatment;
  • chemotherapy;
  • bone marrow transplant.

In the case of degenerative changes in the joints, conservative methods are most often started.

Medical

The following types of drugs are used to treat coxarthrosis:

  1. Anti-inflammatory. To relieve inflammation in most cases, it is necessary to eliminate the cause of inflammation. But in addition, local ointments are used.
  2. Hormonal anti-inflammatory.
  3. Chondoprotectors. They are designed to accelerate the regeneration of interarticular fluid and hyaline cartilage.
  4. Painkiller. Anti-inflammatory ointments almost always contain painkillers, but in severe pain they may not help. Then stronger drugs are prescribed. This is done not to cure a person, but so that he does not suffer from severe pain and gain strength.

Basically, drugs are used in combination.

Operation

In the advanced stages of coxarthrosis, when the layer between the bones is practically absent and the person can no longer walk, surgery may be necessary. During which the following manipulations will be performed:

  • replacement of parts of the joint or cartilage layer;
  • removal of tumors;
  • splicing of bones.

As a supplement to medical treatment or during post-surgery rehabilitation, the following treatments are often used:

  1. Physiotherapy. Both the classic version and the author's class system.
  2. Physiotherapy. Mud baths, introduction of substances by means of electricity and laser exposure.
  3. Massage. With its help, blood circulation is improved and lymph is accelerated. But massage can cause inflammation.

All physical effects are aimed at improving blood circulation, after which healing will occur faster. But at first glance, it may seem that the health condition is only getting worse.

Lessons

exercises for hip pain

The author's method of exercise therapy is gaining more and more popularity. At its core, this is the same physiotherapy, where the exercises are based on the mobilization of the body's own resources, in addition to the physical, also on the psychological level.

Interesting! The author of the technique is convinced that the patient should believe that his bones do not hurt as they can not hurt - the muscles hurt and they can be restored with exercises.

All simulators as they are engaged in this system were developed by the author himself.

Before treating joints with exercises, know that the following points are contraindicated for those with degenerative changes in the pelvis:

  • severe pain;
  • oncology;
  • pre-infarction and post-infarction condition;
  • elevated temperature;
  • postoperative rehabilitation;
  • inflammatory processes;
  • significant overweight.

There are several other unproven methods used to treat diseases that caused hip pain:

  • hirudotherapy;
  • osteopathy;
  • folk methods;
  • ozone therapy;
  • acupuncture;
  • su-jok therapy.

It is possible that they helped many, but it is dangerous to rely only on such methods, as time is often lost, which is invaluable in such a case.