The hip joint plays a huge role in the human body as it is on it that the longest and greatest load falls. It not only supports the bulk of the weight of the human body, but also maintains its balance and provides movement.
Therefore, pain in the hip joint gives a person great discomfort and can be a serious obstacle to normal life. Such pain of a chronic nature requires examination and immediate treatment.
Pain in the hip joint is located at the site where the femur joins the pelvis. It is this connection of bones that gives a person normal movement of the legs in any plane.
The hip joint is considered the largest movable joint in the human body and helps it to move fully.
Pain in the hip joint has a number of different causes. The connection of the femur and pelvis can become inflamed due to injuries, diseases of joints and tendons, from manifestation of systemic disorders, infectious processes.
Pain in the hip joints, causes
Pain in the hip joint can be the result of damage to its various structures as well as nearby tissues: cartilage, bones, muscles, tendons, etc. If we talk about the main causes of pain in the hip joints, we can distinguish between the following:
- physical injury;
- Bursitis of the trochanter sac;
- Infectious diseases;
- hereditary diseases;
- Tumors in soft tissue and bone.
The most common cause of pain in the hip joints is injuries of a traumatic nature. Since the most vulnerable part of the hip joint is the femoral neck, its fracture is a very common injury. Older people are particularly susceptible to it. This fact is due to the fact that a large number of people over the years develop osteoporosis, in connection with which the bones become brittle and lose strength. In young people, such a diagnosis can be the result of traffic accidents or a sports injury.
Often, pain in the hip joint is caused by its dislocation. This physical injury is usually the result of an underdeveloped acetabulum protruding easily from the femoral head. Such a diagnosis can also be the result of an accident, fall or work injury. In this case, at the first symptoms of pain in the hip joint, the help of a doctor is needed as the pain can simply become unbearable.
Arthritis is called inflammation of the joint. This disease is a typical disorder in the elderly, as in old age inflammatory and degenerative processes are often observed in the joints, and the hip joint is probably the first to undergo them. With arthritis, the leg usually hurts a lot, pain also moves to the groin area, is given to the front or side of the thigh and sometimes reaches the knee. Symptoms of pain in the hip joint in this case worsen during walking when the load on the leg increases.
Coxarthrosis is also known as deforming osteoarthritis. This disease is more common among middle-aged people. In the early stages, pain in the hip joint is tolerable, but as the disease progresses, the pain also worsens. Already in the second stage of the disease, the patient complains of pain when turning the body and when standing up. Almost any movement causes discomfort. In addition, the symptoms of pain in the hip joint with coxarthrosis are accompanied by constant muscle tension in the affected area, even during sleep. Therefore, pain often disturbs patients at night.
Inflammation of the trochanteric bursa, which is located above the protrusion of the femur, is also called bursitis. This disease is characterized by pain in the outer region of the buttocks. If the patient is lying on the affected side, the pain in the hip joint increases dramatically. There are cases of inflammatory processes in other fluid sacs in the joint, but the trochanter sac is damaged much more often.
Inflammation of the tendons, or tendonitis, usually affects people who are exposed to regular strenuous exercise. Most often, these are athletes. It is worth noting that this disease sometimes goes unnoticed, especially if the patient reduces the load on the hip joint. And conversely, with too active movements and heavy loads, the pain becomes very strong.
The cause of pain in the hip joints can also be infection processes. For example, with infectious arthritis, swelling may form in the affected joint and fever may begin. When touching or even light movements, there is acute pain in the hip joint. Tuberculous arthritis develops somewhat differently, which manifests itself gradually. Initially, the patient is disturbed by slight pain in the knee and thigh area while walking. As the disease progresses, the hip is restricted in movement, the affected area swells.
Sometimes pain in the hip joint is the result of an inherited disease. For example, Add Calve-Perthes disease, which primarily affects boys at an early age. This pathology is unilateral in nature: pain is observed in either the right or left hip joint. Sometimes the disease is manifested not only by pain specifically in the joint area but also in the knee joint.
Neoplasms of bone and muscle tissue also cause pain in the hip joint. However, the nature of pain and additional symptoms depends directly on whether a person has a benign or malignant tumor.
Pain in the hip joint, treatment
Treatment of pain in the hip joint should be performed in accordance with the disease that caused it. Therefore, it is not recommended to self-medicate until an accurate diagnosis has been established. Depending on the nature of the disease, the following are used to eliminate pain:
- Medical care;
- massage procedures;
- Therapeutic exercise.
As a rule, the doctor prescribes in inflammatory processes non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the form of tablets, injections, gels and ointments. In the case of degenerative processes (for example, osteoarthritis), substances are added to them that contribute to the nutrition of cartilage tissue. They are called chondroprotectors.
Surgical treatment of hip pain is usually used for physical injuries. For example, in the case of fractures of the femoral neck in the elderly, arthroplasty is used, that is, the head and neck are replaced with artificial elements. In adolescents, the injury is treated by fixing the bones with special screws.
Massage treatments contribute well to the treatment of pain in the hip joint. The most important thing is that they do not cause pain. The most effective course consists of at least 10 procedures.
Therapeutic training is recommended for the rehabilitation process and should be performed under the supervision of a physician. It is also very important that the exercises do not cause pain. Many experts recommend conducting classes in hot water: it helps to relax the muscles and makes the patient's body more flexible. Incidentally, doctors call swimming the best form of physical activity for people suffering from pain in the hip joint. Sometimes it can cure a person without further methods.