Osteoarthritis of the hip joint of 1st degree - the first bell

One of the most common degenerative-dystrophic diseases today is osteoarthritis of the hip joint, otherwise it is called coxarthrosis. This disease can affect both or both joints, but these processes occur gradually. In the initial stage of the disease, one joint is affected, and a little later the other.

osteoarthritis of the hip joint

Most often, patients over 40-45 years suffer from coxarthrosis, however, there are many causes for this disease, and in principle, it can occur among people of different age groups. In children, osteoarthritis of the hip joint is fortunately not common. Congenital hip dysplasia leads to childhood coxarthrosis. Its cause is the underdevelopment of bone tissue and ligaments in this joint. In children born with this pathology, subluxations and dislocations of the hip often occur when the head of the femur comes out of the joint.

Description and causes of the disease

The hip joint is located between the ilium and the femur. Inflammation and pathology are called osteoarthritis of the hip joint in the sacroiliac joints for this very reason.

The space between them also includes the synovial membrane and hyaline cartilage, together all these components ensure the normal function of the joint. All this is clearly seen in the image of osteoarthritis of the hip joint.

Working with hyaline cartilage is similar to working with a sponge. When it contracts, it releases, depending on the load on the joint, the required amount of fluid that has a lubricating effect. After cessation of the load, the pores of the cartilage are refilled with fluid. One of the reasons for the development of such a disease as hip osteoarthritis is a change in the properties of the synovial fluid.

hip joint and osteoarthritis

In addition to working with hyaline cartilage, the causes of osteoarthritis of the hip joint can also be a slowdown in the metabolic process in the joint, which occurs due to circulatory disorders. These processes lead to atrophy of the muscles around the joint. During normal operation of all mechanisms and processes, these muscles perform a protective function for the joint. With careless movements, falls or jumps, they reduce the risk of injury.

The causes of the development of the disease can also be the consequences of injuries, inflammatory processes and infections that occur in the body, as well as congenital dislocations of the hip or congenital disorders in the development of the joints (dysplasia).

Degrees and symptoms of osteoarthritis

A total of four degrees of this disease are distinguished:

  1. Osteoarthritis of the hip joint 1 degree. At this stage of the disease the patient feels some discomfort, this is especially pronounced after physical exertion, as well as walking down or going up stairs. Pain in the first degree of hip osteoarthritis can occur in the area of both hip and knee.
  2. Osteoarthritis of the hip joint 2 degrees. This degree of the disease is characterized by the manifestation of pain sensations of a more intense nature. In addition to physical exertion, pain can occur even when the leg is at rest, even lameness is possible with prolonged walking. The nature of the pain is pronounced, they give in the groin, back or knee. The function of the joint with this degree of osteoarthritis is already impaired.
  3. With third-degree hip osteoarthritis, the pain is permanent and does not stop even at night. The patient is only able to move using orthopedic devices (cane or crutches). The joint movement is severely limited.
  4. Osteoarthritis of the hip joint of 4th degree is expressed by large bone growths (visible on the X-ray), severe pain, which is constantly increasing in nature. This degree of osteoarthritis is also called pronounced. Joint function is completely impaired, movement is limited or impossible. It is treated only through surgery.

Symptoms of osteoarthritis of the hip joint vary depending on the degree of the disease:

  • lame, decreased mobility of the leg in the thigh area;
  • stiffness of movements, both after training and at rest;
  • atrophy of the thigh muscles and shortening of the diseased limb.

Pain is the main symptom that causes a visit to the doctor. Here, a timely trip to the hospital plays a special role, as most patients complain already during the active development of second or even third degree of the disease. You should not wait until the pain is pronounced as this is fraught with irreversible processes that can occur in your body.

Diagnosis of the disease

This disease requires a combined diagnosis. In its first phase, the doctor talks to the patient, determining complaints about pain and other factors that cause anxiety. The patient is then examined to identify gait disorders, the difference in the length of a healthy and diseased limb, and pain that occurs during palpation. In addition, the sensitivity of diseased areas to its reduction is examined, and the process of determining the functions of the neighboring joints is performed. Already at this stage of the diagnosis, the doctor can make a presumed diagnosis: hip osteoarthritis at some stage.

After the interview and examination, it's time for laboratory and instrument examinations:

  1. First of all, the patient is sent for an X-ray. Ordinary and axial X-rays allow the doctor to see an almost complete picture of the disease.
  2. If the x-ray is not enough, the patient is referred for magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography.
  3. The essence of laboratory research is both in a blood test to detect inflammatory processes in the body and in the collection of synovial fluid through a puncture. With the help of the latter, it is possible to observe whether the composition of this fluid has changed, as these changes are often the cause of the development of coxarthrosis.

Treatment of hip osteoarthritis

Treatment of coxarthrosis, as well as its diagnosis, should be combined. There is a perception that the only safe way to get rid of hip osteoarthritis is surgery. But often, for a number of individual reasons, such as general health or old age, surgery can be extremely undesirable or impossible. In this case, coxarthrosis should be treated in other ways. It all depends not only on the condition in which the patient is located, but also on the stage of the disease.

physiotherapy for hip arthritis

First-degree osteoarthritis can be completely cured without surgery. This treatment is, of course, complex and requires a great deal of effort, which the patient must make for his recovery. A number of procedures performed for hip osteoarthritis include:

  • drug treatment to relieve inflammation, reduce pain and improve metabolism in the joint area;
  • the patient must regularly perform special sets of exercises prescribed by the physician;
  • The diet for osteoarthritis of the hip joint of 1st degree also plays an important role as the processes of blood circulation and metabolism in the body and in the area of the hip joint especially depend on proper nutrition.

With the second degree of the disease there can be no question of a complete recovery as a deformation has already occurred in the bones but with the help of a complex of certain procedures it is possible to postpone the surgery for a longer period of time or even avoid it altogether. In addition to drug treatment using the same painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs, a set of exercises and a special diet, with second-degree hip osteoarthritis, 24-hour treatment 1-2 times a year is also required.

the doctor looks at a picture of a hip joint with osteoarthritis

The third stage of osteoarthritis requires surgery. The joint tissue is severely depleted, the deformity of the joint area is irreversible and there is probably no other way out. However, there are especially persistent patients who, with the help of incredible effort and constant work with themselves, achieve significant improvements without surgery.

Diet and folk medicine for the treatment of coxarthrosis

As mentioned above, an important part of the treatment of osteoarthritis of the hip joint is diet. The diet of a patient with coxarthrosis must be balanced and contain all the necessary trace elements. The basis of any tissue in the human body is protein, so you need to eat dairy products and legumes as well as jelly and not very fatty jelly. It is necessary to take into account the factor that the purpose of the diet, in addition to saturating the body with essential trace elements, is weight loss. This is necessary to ease the load on the joint. Based on this, you should reduce the consumption of fatty, salty and other caloric foods.

Treating osteoarthritis of the hip joint with folk remedies can relieve pain and reduce some of the processes that are unfavorable for this disease. However, prescriptions for traditional medicine before use must be agreed with the doctor and used only with his approval. Here are some methods used for coxarthrosis:

  • Cut a cabbage leaf with a knife, spread it with honey and apply it on the sore joint overnight, wrap it with cellophane and a wool bandage.
  • Rub the collection with tincture of celandine in olive oil. To prepare it, pour 7-8 tablespoons of plant stems with a liter of oil and insist for two weeks.
  • Mix aloe juice with eucalyptus and mint leaves and apply this composition on the sore joint several times a day.
  • Treating osteoarthritis of the hip joint with salt is also common, as dry heat has a beneficial effect on getting rid of inflammation and pain. In a bag with a dense substance, pour preheated salt into a frying pan or into the oven and apply to the sore spot.