Back pain in the lumbar region, how to treat

Block in low back pain

People who haveback pain in the lumbar regionit is important to know how to treat it. Pain associated with pathology of the lumbar spine is treated conservatively and in advanced cases - immediately.

If back pain is a symptom of a disease of the internal organs of the abdominal cavity or small pelvis, the treatment will be specific, depending on the type of organ affected, the intensity of the pathological process, the results of laboratory tests, etc.

Since there are many causes of back pain, a qualified physician must first make an accurate diagnosis.

How to treat back pain in the lumbar region

After determining the correct diagnosis, the doctor prescribes a complex conservative treatment that includes both medication and physiotherapy methods, physiotherapy exercises, massage.

What to do for acute low back painthat occurred as a result of lifting heavy objects, falls or bruises, sudden movements, hypothermia, muscle tension? It is necessary to use painkillers and anti-inflammatory ointments and gels that help relieve pain, inflammation, muscle spasms and also improve blood circulation, eliminate edema in damaged tissue.

If after the use of such drugs an improvement occurs, continue treatment for 7-10 days, try to protect the lower back from cooling and physical stress, nor go to the sauna, do not take a hot bath.

In case of an increase in pain or when treatment with an ointment (gel) for the first three days does not remove it, you should definitely go to a doctor for examination.

Med lumbago (lumbago)in addition to ointments you need to take painkillers. Lie in bed in a comfortable position where pain is least felt.

Often, pain (lumbago) can last for an entire week. Regular use of painkillers, the use of warming anti-inflammatory ointments and massage usually helps get rid of lumbago. However, consultation with a neuropathologist is necessary, as such a painful attack of radiculitis is the first warning of possible pathological changes in the lumbosacral zone of the spine.

Whenback pain in the lumbar region, be careful with warm-ups that only work against non-inflammatory pain. For example, this is a sprain, hernia, curvature of the spine or osteochondrosis.

Heating dilates the blood vessels, therefore the inflammatory focus increases and the patient's condition worsens. In acute forms of inflammation (radiculitis is an inflammatory process in the spinal cord), on the contrary, cold to the sore spot is effective.

Spinal cord injuryin the lumbar region, edema, hematomas and muscle inflammation, acute neuralgia responds well to treatment with a combined ointment, which has not only analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects, but also a healing effect.

For the treatment of osteochondrosis with pathology of the cartilage tissue of intervertebral discsDoctors prescribe chondroprotectants that repair cartilage cells and prevent their painful destruction. However, such treatment is usually prescribed by a specialist based on the results of a complete medical examination and a diagnosis confirming the presence of destruction of the cartilage tissue from the intervertebral discs in the lumbar region.

Complex treatment of osteochondrosis also includes painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs as well as muscle relaxants, relaxing spasmodic muscles, blockades for the relief of acute pain, B vitamins needed for nutrition and regeneration of nerve fibers.

Gymnastics for the treatment of osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine

On the second or third day after the removal of pain symptoms, patients are prescribed physiotherapy procedures, massage, exercise therapy, the actions of which are aimed at improving blood flow, strengthening muscles and ligaments in the lumbar spine.

Normally, therapy for the lumbar spine is performed during the run. Only such complicated course therapy completely relieves inflammation, improves blood supply and metabolism in tissues from the intervertebral discs, and ultimately restores the patient's motor activity.

With the threat or presence of complications as a result of osteochondrosis in the form of damage to the structures of the spinal cord, a large intervertebral hernia as well as with a compression fracture, tumors resort to surgery.

Treatment of back pain in women

Low back pain in a pregnant woman

Low back pain in a pregnant woman, in the absence of obvious pathology, it usually eases the bandage that must be worn in the second half of pregnancy to reduce the strain on the spine.

If a pregnant woman becomes overweight, she is advised to change her diet: Limit flour, sugary and other carbohydrate-rich and high-calorie foods, as well as salty and fatty foods.

A pregnant woman is allowed to do yoga, swim, light gymnastics to strengthen the muscles.

Severe pain radiating to the lower back during menstruationcan be reduced with medication prescribed by a gynecologist. For example, antispasmodics or homeopathic remedies may be prescribed. During this period, the doctor recommends eating less fluids and salty foods.

For back pain in womenin menopausefirst, the doctor determines the causes of these pains. Then etiological, symptomatic and pathogenetic treatment are used.

Be sure to prescribe mineral complexes to strengthen bone tissue, vitamins. Physiotherapy is also prescribed to strengthen the muscles in the back. Recommendations are given for a balanced diet with the obligatory content of raw vegetables and fruits, dairy products, fish, poultry meat, etc.

Therapy for non-spinal low back pain

Back pain in the lumbar regionin men and women, not only with diseases of the spine.Abdominal pathologiesoften accompanied by irradiation of pain in the back: its upper part (kidney disease) or lower (wound, intestinal tumor) or sacrum (in case of venereal disease).

Low back pain with kidney disease

Specialized doctors deal with the treatment of such diseases. For example, in diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract, therapists and nephrologists prescribe antimicrobial drugs to patients, as pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis, and cystitis are caused by pathogenic microorganisms. They recommend a diet without smoked meat, spices and with limited salt.

Very normalgenital diseasesalso accompanied by pain not only in the abdomen but also in the lower back. The causative agents of such diseases are bacteria, viruses, fungi and other microorganisms. These pathologies are treated by a gynecologist, urologist, venereologist and other specialists.

Chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, urethritis, ureaplasmosis, mycoplasmosis, candidiasis,HIV symptoms in men- this is an incomplete list of sexually transmitted diseases that are spreading rapidly among certain population groups.

Acute back paincan occur in the form of renal colic with urolithiasis as well as with intestinal obstruction, atypical course of acute appendicitis, etc. Usually such diseases in addition to severe pain can also be accompanied by an increase in body temperature, weakness. In such cases, you can call an ambulance immediately to save yourself from complications and death.

Prevention of back pain

In order not to have problems with the lower back, you must first and foremost lead an active lifestyle. Paul Bragg, an alternative medicine practitioner, naturopath and healthy lifestyle promoter, believes that by moving, exercising and stretching the spine, we strengthen the muscles and ligaments that keep the spine in good shape.

  • Active movements stimulate the circulation of energy and blood through the body, speed up metabolism, strengthen internal organs and have a beneficial effect on our well-being.
  • At the same time, the famous American warns that excessive stress on the spine instead of benefit can cause harm. Give up boxing, martial arts, alpine skiing, horseback riding - these are sports that are dangerous for the spine.
  • Try to straighten, without sudden movements, lift heavy objects and weights, sit down on the object, bend your knees while keeping your back straight and if possible separate the load into parts and distribute the load between both hands.
  • Keep an eye on your posture, do not let yourself relax, walk properly, do not wade, but as if you are moving along the bike path.
  • Sleep on a hard orthopedic mattress.
  • Spend less time sitting and avoiding awkward positions. In office work, move regularly every hour. Try sitting with your knees over your pelvis. To do this, sit on a low chair or keep your feet on a stand.

Paul Bragg, an active promoter of a healthy lifestyle, identified nine factors that determine human health. He called them "doctors": sunshine, fresh air, clean water, healthy natural nutrition, fasting - moderate fasting, physical activity, good rest, proper posture and a healthy rational spirit (positive thinking, inner self-development).

One can only agree with him. Taking care of your health and constant training of the spine stretches it, makes it flexible and mobile, restores intervertebral discs, creates good protection of the spinal cord, whose nerve roots innervate all organs in our body.

Take care of your spine! Control muscles and ligaments that support it!

And be healthy and energetic!