Osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine: treatment features

In the modern world, not only is humanity advancing. Unfortunately, the diseases that affect humans are also in constant motion and development.

Two decades ago, symptoms of osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine were rare, often in the elderly. Now the age groups for patients have been significantly expanded, they include women, men, children of different ages.

The rarity of manifestations of this disease is based on the fact that the thoracic part of the spinal cord region is inactive, which excludes various injuries and injuries.

With osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine, bones and cartilage tissue in the spine undergo severe changes that lead to a violation of their integrity.

pain between the shoulder blades with thoracic osteochondrosis

In the event of an unintentional appeal to a specialist, irreversible changes occur which can only be stopped by surgery.

In the developmental chain of the disease, the skeletal system of the spine is followed by cartilage formations, ligaments, muscles of the spine.

When diagnosing osteochondrosis at a young age, premature aging of the musculoskeletal system begins.

There are 4 degrees of development of osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine by symptoms and treatment on which the patient's well-being depends:

  • I degree.The symptoms are mild or absent. Protrusions are displayed.
  • II grad.Intervertebral discs lose their elasticity and height. There is a loss of stability in the spine. The first pains appear.
  • III grad.At this stage, hernias with severe pain syndrome are found.
  • IV grad.The bone tissue in the spine is destroyed due to the complete deprivation of the intervertebral discs of their main functions.
chest pain with osteochondrosis

Symptoms and signs

Signs of osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine depend on gender, disease progression, patient mobility. Most of the symptoms occur with certain degrees of exertion and fatigue as well as with prolonged stay in the same position.

How is osteochondrosis manifested in the breast:

  • Chest pain, which is especially severe when not moving for a long time.
  • A feeling of pressure occurs in the middle of the back. Deep inhaling in and out is also difficult.
  • Pain induced when movements associated with the spine are included in motor activity. Hand movements, bends, twists.
  • Long-term back pain.
  • Neurological disorders in some parts of the body, which are manifested by numbness.
  • Hypersensitivity in some skin areas (the so-called goosebumps).
  • Unpleasant sensations in the lower extremities.
  • Due to vascular lesions in osteochondrosis of the breast, local symptoms appear on the skin in the form of peeling. The changes also affect the nails.
  • Reproductive disorders and decreased libido may occur.

Symptoms can also vary by gender. Signs of breast osteochondrosis in women are somewhat different than in men.

Symptoms of breast osteochondrosis in women:

  • Local pain syndrome in the area of the affected disc.
  • False symptoms of diseases of internal organs originating along the path of innervation of the strangulated nerve.
  • Compression symptoms.

Symptoms of breast osteochondrosis in men occur much earlier than in women. The rest of the clinical picture is very similar.

Most of the differences are only manifested in the severity of symptoms as men lead a much more active lifestyle.

And also thoracic osteochondrosis in women is less pronounced and occurs later due to the protective effect of female sex hormones.

With thoracic osteochondrosis, the symptoms and sensations may be the same as in the development of heart disease, and when a diagnosis is made, examinations of the work of the heart are also performed.

a doctor examines an x-ray to diagnose thoracic osteochondrosis

Treatment

The chronic course of the disease differs in that an exacerbation can develop at any time, the symptoms of which are very marked. The patient experiences severe back pain and difficulty breathing.

Before curing thoracic osteochondrosis, it is important to understand the nature of the exacerbation and the degree of disease. These conditions are typically caused by specific factors:

  • Stressful situations.
  • Very hard work.
  • Long-term stay in an environment with low temperatures.
  • Weightlifting or active sports.

Treatment is primarily based on an etiological approach. That is, the factor that caused the acute stage is ruled out. In severe cases of the disease, a limited daily regimen is recommended. Here are some principles for the procedure:

  • Low mobility mode.
  • A diet high in vitamins, minerals and fiber is prescribed.
  • Medicine for breast osteochondrosis.
  • Topical therapy, including massage (according to indications), use of external forms of medicine with an anti-inflammatory effect.
  • Exercise therapy. Only when the doctor allows it.
  • Physiotherapy.

Medicine

Medical treatment of osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine is based on the classical principles of therapy for a suffocated nerve fiber. The first step is to stop the symptoms that cause significant suffering to the patient.

The selected drugs are prescribed individually taking into account contraindications and side effects. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory therapy is considered primary and primary. Its effects are evident from the first day of treatment.

How to treat osteochondrosis in the breast:

  • NSAIDs. The drugs are taken orally or parenterally. They have a number of positive qualities. First of all, they increase the patient's quality of life, giving him the ability to move normally.

Unfortunately, this group of drugs also has a number of negative indicators. Contraindications include gastrointestinal diseases. An absolute ban is imposed in the presence of a wound or gastritis in an exacerbation. In case of renal and hepatic impairment, the drug should be dose adjusted.

specialist examination for osteochondrosis of the breast

NSAIDs are often combined with muscle relaxants.

  • Muscle relaxants are a group of drugs that greatly alleviate the patient's condition. When an inflammatory process occurs on the vertebra, a strong muscle spasm of the fibers around the inflamed area occurs. Prolonged cramping also causes severe pain in the segmental area. Muscle relaxants remove this cramp and thus relieve pain.

It is not recommended to take these drugs if the patient is driving a car or other equipment.

  • Vitamin complexes. Used to relieve inflammation of the nerve fibers and stabilize nerve membranes. More often than others, vitamins of group B and nicotinic acid are used.
  • Chondroprotective substances. Combinations of chondroitin with glucosamine in different doses.

This group of drugs normalizes metabolic processes in the joint tissue, has a strong anti-inflammatory effect with glucose. The course of treatment with chondroprotectants is chosen for a long time, repeated at intervals.

pills for the treatment of breast osteoarthritis

Side effects are mainly observed in the gastrointestinal tract. This is bloating and swelling.

For the treatment of osteochondrosis of the breast, special preparations are used in the form of injections. The principles of introduction vary. The most important is the introduction using electrophoresis in the office of physiotherapy. Also available as a cream and ointment.

With thoracic osteochondrosis, drug treatment is based on the principles of relieving the inflammatory process and releasing the pinched nerve.

It is important to note that even long-term course of anti-inflammatory treatment in the absence of other corrective treatments will not be able to relieve the patient from suffering for a long time.

If massage procedures are recommended by the attending physician, they should be performed.

Massage

Before treating osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine with the help of massage, functional diagnostics are performed and the first step of treatment is prescribed, which includes taking anti-inflammatory drugs and muscle relaxants.

This set of measures aims to relieve cramps and inflammation in the affected segment. Only after achieving certain results in the first stage, you can talk about the benefits of massage.

How is osteochondrosis in the thoracic region cured with massage?

Massage procedures also allow you to stop the spastic state of the muscles, improve the blood supply to the damaged area.

  • Acupressure.A procedure when the hands of a specialist act on certain points improves their blood supply and thereby alleviates the inflammatory process. It is important to know that pain is not allowed with acupressure. Acute pain syndrome is an absolute contraindication for such massage.
  • Massage the affected segment.Gives excellent effects by improving the blood supply to the whole area. At the same time, soft tissue begins to actively renew itself, which has a beneficial effect on the therapy.
  • Classic massage.Osteochondrosis of the thoracic region is not treated according to the symptoms of the acute phase of classical massage. Any vibration and displacement can cause severe pain. Only after complete removal of restrictions on motor activity and the inflammatory process, classical massage can be performed.
  • Plastic massage.It is indicated for all stages of the disease, it gives excellent results. After 5 sessions, a transition to the next type of massage is recommended.
therapeutic massage for osteochondrosis of the breast

Since getting rid of osteochondrosis of the breast is a complex task, the combination of massage with conservative treatment is considered as one of the most effective non-surgical therapies.

Sports

Thoracic osteochondrosis with signs of I - II stages of the disease is treated with physiotherapy exercises, which have a beneficial effect on the layers of muscles in the affected segment, strengthen the ligaments and eliminate the further development of protrusions.

If the stage of the disease is characterized by severe pain, first conservative treatment, massage, and only then - exercise therapy.

What is exercise therapy? This is a complex of therapeutic and prophylactic procedures that improve the blood supply and stability of the affected segment.

therapeutic exercises for osteochondrosis of the chest

There are a number of exercises that have worked well:

  • Lift your arms as you exhale and bend back with a deep breath. This is followed by a slow arch with the back arched upwards.
  • From a sitting position, where the back of a chair is used as a support, back bends are made with the hands behind the head.
  • Standing on 4 limbs, they bend and arch the back with fixation of the highest and lowest position.
  • Position - emphasis on lying on the stomach. A diligent deflection of the top is performed with an attempt to tear the body off the floor.
  • Boat exercise.

Their effectiveness also depends on how diligently the patient performs each exercise.

All exercises are repeated 5 to 7 times. Before starting the lesson, warm up to avoid sprains and injuries.

Stretches

What if the pathology is detected in the initial stage?

In the early stages of the disease, traction is considered an excellent solution. Through this procedure, muscle spasms are eliminated, the displaced vertebrae return to their place. Deformity of the spine is overcome.

What are the types of traction:

  • Dry traction.This procedure is simpler than the others in execution. If the disease is detected in the first stage, a horizontal bar is perfect. If strong shifts and prolonged spasms are observed, special beds and exercise equipment are used. These instruments properly dose the load and its duration.
  • Wet traction.It is performed in hot water, which improves blood circulation in the affected segment and also eliminates with the right actions sudden movements.

In the case of osteochondrosis of the breast, symptoms during treatment with classic schemes may return several times a year. For prevention, a hood and exercise therapy are used, which eliminates the risk of protrusions and strong shifts.

surgical procedure for thoracic osteochondrosis

Reviews of physiotherapy procedures in remission and after long-term treatment are mostly positive. Recommendations and implementation of these procedures are fully justified!

Surgical procedure

What should I do if the selected methods do not work?

Due to the wrong approach to therapy, osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine develops after symptoms after treatment and makes the patient's life unbearable. This also happens due to late visits to the doctor.

Unfortunately, if the integrity of the intervertebral disc is compromised and a hernia is diagnosed, surgery is recommended to avoid life-threatening consequences.

After the operation, special elastic products are prescribed that limit the patient's mobility until complete recovery.

physiotherapy treatment of osteochondrosis of the breast

Conclusion

Treatment of osteochondrosis in all its stages and with any approach depends on how osteochondrosis manifests itself, how much the tissues are affected, and most importantly, what is the prognosis for certain procedures. Based on these diagnostic aspects, therapeutic interventions are initiated.