Back pain: the main reasons than to treat

Back pain is a symptom that many people know. Pain syndrome is often a constant companion of a person for a long time.Back painSometimes lumbago requires freezing in a position without the ability to move, which as soon as possible requires anesthesia anesthesia and a drug blockade in the future.

Description of the disease

By origin, back pain is divided into 2 groups:

  1. Pain caused by pathology of the spine.
  2. Pain due to diseases of other organs.

Different pathologies cause different types of pain:

Acute back pain.

The pain syndrome lasts for several minutes or hours. Painful manifestations are observed by coughing, movement and sneezing.

Chronic pain.

Lasts for a long time. In the vast majority of cases, it manifests itself a little, it is evil in nature.

Pain radiating to the limbs.

There is severe soreness in the back, which is transmitted to other organs (thighs, buttocks, lower legs).

Variants of pain at localization

Painful sensations are manifested:

  • between the shoulder blades;
  • along the spine
  • in the loins;
  • in the muscles.

Pain between the shoulder blades

Very normal. Can be boring, hurt, shoot. In most cases, the pain between the shoulder blades does not cause alarm. In rare cases, interscapular pain syndrome warns of the presence of a severe pathology. The causes of pain between the shoulder blades are most often:

  1. Poor posture
  2. Long stay at the computer;
  3. Injuries, fractures of the shoulder joint;
  4. Fracture of the spine;
  5. Scoliosis;
  6. Osteoarthritis of the joints;
  7. Acid reflux;
  8. Shingles;
  9. Squeezing a nerve
  10. Malignant tumors.

Pain under the shoulder blade often occurs due to trauma. Heart disease often causes interscapular pain.

Pain in the spine

Often painful sensations cause dystrophic processes in the spine:

  • Osteochondrosis.Chronic pathology affecting intervertebral discs. The disease is considered the main cause of back pain;
  • Facet led spondylosis.Chronic disease with a characteristic formation of bone growth on the vertebral bodies. Pathology can induce immobility in the back;
  • Spondylitis.Inflammatory pathology of the spine, destruction of the spine, leading to deformation of the spine;
  • Intervertebral disc herniation.Fracture of the spine due to injury or malnutrition. Pain syndrome is caused by squeezing the nerves of the protruding part of the disc.

The back also hurts due to the instability of the spine, expressed by its abnormal mobility, increased range of motion.

Back pain

Important! Often, low back pain means the presence of a pathology in the spine.

Pulls back pain

A pulling back pain is caused by diseases of the internal organs. Women complain of low back pain during menstruation. The most common causes of low back pain are diseases and injuries of the spine.

The most severe back pain is caused by: arthritis, tuberculosis, epidural abscess. Pain in the lumbar region is caused by malignant tumor of the spinal cord.

Muscle pain

The area on the back is covered by muscles that have the ability to change in size and cause pain syndrome. Pain is caused by overexertion of muscles, which is typical of office workers who spend most of their working time in the same position. Athletes and tourists are in a different risk group. Muscle pain syndrome is especially common in athletes.

An incorrectly performed massage often causes soreness in the muscles. Muscle pain is often caused by myositis, which develops as a result of severe overheating of the body and rapid cooling.

Back muscle pain can occur due to anatomical causes. Asymmetry in the spine often leads to scoliosis. Asymmetry is also caused by shortening of the lower leg, flat feet.

Causes of pathology

There are various causes for back pain.

Pregnancy and childbirth

Back pain in women during pregnancy is a very common occurrence. From the 2nd trimester, pain occurs in the spine and lower back due to an increase in the fetus, which changes hormones and metabolism.

In addition, back pain during pregnancy can be caused by:

  1. Overweight;
  2. Poor posture
  3. Weakening of the muscular system
  4. Back pain during pregnancy
  5. Emotional instability.

Many pregnant women experience severe lower back pain during contractions as well as in periods between them.

Inflammatory processes

Spinal inflammation is most often caused by chronic spondylitis, in which vertebral bodies are deformed and destroyed. Inflammation of the vertebrae, sharp back pain is observed in ankylosing spondylitis. The inflammatory process also accompanies osteomyelitis.

When blood is supplied, the spine is attacked by microorganisms that enter the bone marrow of the vertebrae. Infection can come from various organs: prostate, bladder, intestines, abscesses, boils.

Severe pathology is inflammation caused by purulent osteomyelitis in which bone tissue is affected. Hematogenous infection occurs if there is an abscess or boil in the body. Spinal inflammation can develop with a knife or a gunshot wound.

Congenital pathologies

Abnormalities in the spine include:

  • Rib Syndrome Accessories
  • Klippel-Feil disease;
  • Division of vertebrae;
  • Lumbarization.

The abnormalities cause pain and disorders in the nervous system.

Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

One of the most common symptoms of gastrointestinal diseases is back pain. It manifests itself:

  • With pathologies of the pancreas. The pain radiates to the back or has a shingles in nature, intensifies after eating;
  • In case of gallbladder dysfunction. It hurts under the shoulder blade on the right or in the lower back. Especially often - after eating and stress;
  • For stomach ulcers, ulcers of the duodenum. Painful sensations are often disturbed at night and on an empty stomach accompanied by nausea, hunger;
  • Intestinal diseases. Pain is not associated with eating. There is radiation on the back.

Awareness! It is very important that the patient does not try to get rid of back pain alone, but goes to a doctor, as most of the named pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract cause dangerous consequences.

Infections

The risk groups for diseases caused by spinal infections include the following categories of people:

Obese people are at risk
  • Overweight.
  • Immunocompromised.
  • Patients with arthritis.
  • Postponed cancer.
  • Drug addicts.
  • Underwent organ transplant surgery.
  • Patients with diabetes mellitus.

Less common are spinal cord infections caused by lesions of the spine, syphilis and tuberculosis.

With the development of tuberculosis in the spine, the first vertebra is damaged, after which the rest is involved in the inflammatory process. In the future, the vertebrae cause atrophy and decay. Spinal infections are accompanied by fever. The spinal cord swells, which over time leads to the formation of a hump. The pain syndrome intensifies.

Neuroses

Neurotic back pain is similar to the symptoms of sciatica. The difference is manifested in vague by localization. Neurotic pain sensations are manifested with minor damage to the spine for a long time. The presence of strong hint in a person with neurotic disorders causes back pain without external influences.

Oncological diseases

According to statistics, malignant tumors were diagnosed in 0. 7% of patients who complained of back pain. Pain may be caused by cancer of the spine, or it may manifest itself as a result of metastases.

Alarming symptoms in women may indicate gynecological forms of oncology. In men, pain can be a precursor to the development of a malignant tumor in the prostate.

Oncological diseases, with metastasis from any organ to the spine, are manifested by painful sensations that do not pass at rest.

Osteoporosis

In most cases, osteoporosis is considered a pathology manifested by fragility in bone tissue. In fact, with pathology, the occurrence of pain syndrome is characteristic.

Important! Back pain in osteoporosis is observed not only during exertion but also at rest. Severe manifestations of pain are rare and only with complications if there are cracks in the bones.

Cardiac pathology

Pain syndrome in the thoracic spine, back pain over the lower back is often caused by heart abnormalities. The most dangerous symptoms are:

  • Pain due to cough, other respiratory disorders;
  • There is no increase in pain syndrome;
  • The pain is diffuse, it is impossible to point to the most painful place;
  • Chest pain does not depend on posture, at the same time the spine responds to its change.

The listed signs signal the danger of developing a heart attack.

Scoliosis

In addition to curvature, the main symptom of scoliosis is pain syndrome. Back pain with scoliosisPain may be strong or mild but constant. Pain appears in the early stages of the lumbar region.

Measures not taken in time contribute to the progression of pathology where there is an growth of bone tissue. It is very important to diagnose the disease correctly, differentiated diagnosis, exclusion of concomitant pathologies makes it possible to prescribe adequate therapy.

Spinal cord injury

According to the WHO (World Health Organization), 500, 000 people get back injuries every year. In most cases, this category includes athletes who become disabled due to spinal cord injury. It has been established that the cause of disability is not only injury but also inadequate provision of first aid, wrong action by specialists and wrong rehabilitation.

Symptoms

In 50% of cases, back pain is caused by fractures, infection, vascular pathologies, malignant growth. Back pain when you need to consult a doctor immediately:

  • Appears as a result of bruising, trauma;
  • Exacerbated by bending at night;
  • Body temperature rises.

Constant belt pain in the back is also a dangerous symptom.

Diagnostics

To know how to treat pathology, an accurate diagnosis is required. After collecting the medical history and examining the patient, the doctor can send the patient for hardware examinations to clarify the preliminary diagnosis:

X-ray

It makes it possible to assess the condition of the patient's bones. The method is necessary to identify arthritis, fractures.

MRI and CT

Studies reveal problems in bones and soft tissues in the spine. MRI scans are more accurate than CT scans.

Bone scan. It is prescribed for suspected malignant growth in the bones as well as for osteoporosis.

Electromyography. The study makes it possible to confirm the nerve compression in stenosis of the spine.

Lab tests

Blood tests should be performed to determine the presence of an infection suspected of causing pain.

Treatment

As part of drug therapy, painkillers are prescribed to relieve back pain, which significantly reduces the patient's quality of life. Medications for back pain are divided into 2 groups: narcotic and non-narcotic.

Drugs

Prescribed very rarely when severe pain in the back, for example, with an intervertebral hernia, pain. The drugs have an addictive effect, so they need to be used very carefully.

Non-narcotic drugs

NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) are prescribed to relieve pain:

  • Ibuprofen;
  • Diclofenac;
  • Piroxicam;
  • Phenylbutazone.

Analgesics:

  • metamizole sodium;
  • paracetamol;
  • aspirin.

The drugs relieve pain without affecting the disease.

Muscle relaxants

Muscle relaxants are substances that can relax skeletal muscles. Medicines prescribed for osteochondrosis:

  1. tolperisone hydrochloride.
  2. tizanidine.
  3. baclofen.

Treatment of back pain includes various dosage forms: injections and ointments.

Injections in back pain

Painkillers for back pain are injected into the buttocks, into the affected intervertebral disc. After the injection, apply a heating pad to the injection site.

Ointments for back pain

Ketoprofen ointment is very effective for pain relief

If the lower back hurts, ointments can be used in large quantities.

Physiotherapy

They are used to raise muscle tone, repair damaged tissue and reduce tension. Physiotherapy methods are widely used:

Back pain massage
  • Electrical stimulation;
  • Charcot shower;
  • Phonophoresis;
  • Mud therapy;
  • Laser therapy;
  • Magnetotherapy.

A special place in the treatment of the back is given for massage.

Treatment with folk medicine

Local treatment for diseases in which the back hurts, according to folk recipes, is used as additional ways to relieve pain. It is not difficult to make home remedies for back pain. Of the many time-tested recipes, the most effective are:

  1. Clay treatment.100 g of clay is poured with 2 cups of apple cider vinegar. A piece of wool fabric, soaked in the prepared solution, is applied to the loin and insulated. After 1 hour, the remnants of the clay are washed off and the lower back is packed for several hours, preferably at night. The course of treatment is 10 days.
  2. Mustard treatment.100 g of mustard powder is mixed with 100 g of salt. Add kerosene to the resulting powder to get a wet. The mixture is rubbed on the painful area and left for 2 hours. The course of treatment is 2 weeks.

Prophylaxis

In order not to injure your back, you must correctly:

  • stand;
  • go;
  • sit;
  • lifting weights.

It is necessary to do exercises every day, engage in possible sports. Remember that obesity is the cause of many pathologies.

Conclusion

The back hurts for various reasons. Knowing the symptoms of diseases that cause back pain, one can not miss the initial form of development of pathology. Timely diagnosis, comprehensive treatment, implementation of the doctor's recommendations significantly improves the patient's quality of life and in some cases alleviates painful phenomena completely.