Pain in the joints of the fingers

Irreversible processes in the body with age become the cause of various diseases. Degenerative processes affect the joints, leading to discomfort, deformities and other manifestations. Often in the elderly, the joints in the fingers hurt, the motor function of the fingers is impaired. In the presence of such symptoms, it is necessary to seek medical attention to identify the cause and prescribe the subsequent treatment of the pathology.

Anatomical features

The human skeleton has over 300 joints. The smallest joint device is located in the fingers. The surface of the joint is small, the connecting membrane is thin. Due to the anatomical features of the structure, these joints are more susceptible to pathologies.

A joint is a junction between bone and connective tissue, which consists of a joint cavity filled with synovial fluid, hyaline cartilage, synovium, and bursa (bursa). The finger is formed by three phalanges - proximal, middle and distal. Each phalanx is connected to the next by means of a joint.

The appearance of joint pain can signal serious illness in the body.

Causes of

why the joints in the fingers hurt

Joint pain varies in intensity and location. There are two types of pain syndrome: mechanical and inflammatory, which can be triggered:

  • Rheumatoid arthritis. It is accompanied by morning pain.
  • Psoriatic arthritis. It affects the skin tissue, discomfort is localized in the distal phalanx. Edema and discoloration of the skin (redness with cyanosis) appears on the thumbs.
  • Infectious arthritis. It is accompanied by intense, prolonged pain (up to several days). Local hyperthermia is observed, fever and chills are possible.
  • Good attack. People in the older age group are susceptible due to metabolic disorders in the body. Characterized by burning pain in pathology.
  • Osteoarthritis. It progresses in women due to age-related hormonal disorders. The clinical picture is pain in the fingers, changes in the anatomical structure of the fingers (thickening of the joints).
  • Stenosing ligamentitis, which in clinical presentation corresponds to arthritis and osteoarthritis, affects the annular ligaments of the joint. Hand and finger movements are painful.
  • Tunnel syndrome. The pain appears on the index finger of the left hand.

Rhizarthrosis can also cause pain in the fingers. Develops on the background of surges, infectious processes, injuries or severe poisoning.

Pain makes it difficult to perform simple movements at home and in the workplace.

Diseases

Finger joints hurt under the following conditions:

  • Arthritis of rheumatoid origin. The most common pathology affecting small joints. In this disease, the symmetrical joints of the fingers of the upper extremities are affected. An inflammatory process is observed with palpation, which feels dense growths - nodules. The course of the disease alternates with seizures with remissions. Under neglected conditions, the hand is deformed.
  • Osteoarthritis and polyosteoarthritis - diseases are more common in women over 40 years. The causes are hormonal imbalance in the body (a decrease in the production of the hormone estrogen), heredity, excessive stress and other factors. With pathology, the joints of the fingers are deformed.
  • Gout develops on the background of metabolic disorders (products of protein metabolism), uric acid salts accumulate in the joints. In the first stage of the pathology, the toes and then the hands are affected. It is accompanied by severe pain, swelling and discoloration of the skin in the area of ​​inflammation. Men over 40 are more likely to suffer from pathologies.

Andre

Depending on the pathology, the fingers in the joints may hurt in the morning. Movement may be accompanied by characteristic clicks (a symptom of arthritis). Inflammation develops in the area of ​​the index and phalanges of the ring finger.

Joints can hurt in the morning with arthritis. The inflammatory process develops in large toes, the clinical picture is accompanied by edema, discoloration of the skin.

A symptom of various joint pathologies may be pain in the joints of the fingers after sleep. During pregnancy, sudden hormonal changes in a woman's body can lead to pain.

Numbness occurs in people of all ages. This symptom complicates a normal life. Early referral to a specialist helps avoid complications. Numbness can be caused by:

  • stress;
  • osteochondrosis of the cervical spine;
  • pathology of the vascular system;
  • carpal valve syndrome - a pinched nerve in the wrist leads to decreased innervation and blood circulation, causing numbness.

Diagnostic Methods

diagnosis of pain in the joints of the fingers

In the case of pathologies of the joints of the fingers, the following symptoms are observed:

  • deforming processes in the area of ​​inflammation
  • pain on palpation;
  • intense pain syndrome
  • redness of the skin
  • hyperthermia;
  • difficulty moving;
  • inflammation and swelling around the affected area
  • the appearance of nodules around the joints;
  • The
  • pain attacks are wave-like, intense at night and insignificant during the day.

After the initial examination, laboratory and hardware methods for patient examination are performed:

  • biochemical blood test
  • general blood and urine tests
  • X-ray examination
  • MR;
  • blood is examined for the presence of rheumatoid factor, antistreptococcal antibodies, purines.

A neglected state of pathology can lead to disability, so pain should not be ignored. The joints of the fingers hurt as a result of other pathologies, so when symptoms occur, it is necessary not to delay the visit to the doctor.

Treatment

After diagnosis, treatment is prescribed. The classic treatment of all diseases when the joints of the fingers hurt is based on medicine. The therapy is aimed at relieving the main symptoms of finger joint disease on the hand: inflammation and pain. Exercise therapy and therapeutic massage are shown.

Medicine

Drug treatment includes: painkillers, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for autoimmune pathologies - hormones, topical drugs - gels, ointments, creams.

Assign:

  • NSAIDs;
  • corticosteroid medication
  • local action preparation.

In emergencies, when the pain syndrome is very severe, narcotics are used.

If necessary, prescribe medication that restores cartilage tissue.

Exercise Therapy and Massage

The set of exercises is selected by a specialist. Exercise therapy strengthens the joints of the fingers, improves blood circulation, speeds up the recovery process in the affected areas.

Massage sessions are performed in remission (during the acute period they are not recommended). The massage procedure improves blood circulation, reduces pain and swelling.

An integrated pathology treatment approach allows you to return to your usual lifestyle in no time.

Diet

With this kind of pathology it is necessary to adhere to a diet. In acute periods when the finger joints hurt, it is necessary to avoid eating baked goods, sweets, salt, salt and pickled foods, smoked foods, high-calorie dairy products. Strong tea, meat, spinach, sorrel should not be consumed. Fermented dairy products can only be included in the diet (fat-free).

Alternative Treatment

In addition to medicine, the use of traditional medicine is allowed.

folk medicine for the treatment of pain in the fingers

At home, if the joints in your fingers hurt (especially in the acute phase), you can make compresses from a mixture of vodka, aloe and honey. The duration of the compress is 3 hours.

Oil balm can be applied. Add vitamin A to olive oil or sesame oil and stir. Rub the oil into the affected area.

Tincture of purple flowers relieves pain: pour 200 ml of vodka into a glass of flowers, leave it in a dark place for two weeks. Rub into the area with inflammation before going to bed.

Infusion with lingonberry reduces pain during exacerbation of diseases. Apply twice daily, 200 ml.

Prevention

The main preventive measures to avoid the development of pathologies accompanied by unpleasant sensations in the joints are:

  • sport;
  • proper nutrition;
  • regular massage sessions.

By following a healthy lifestyle, many problems can be avoided.